Scope of Work Summary:
The USAID Small and Medium Enterprise Activity (SMEA) project needs to engage a team of consultants (on short-term basis) to identifying the key impediments to investments in Balochistan and providing recommendations on the relevant provincial policy areas and possible interventions that impact investment and support generation of investments, particularly in the socio-economic context of Balochistan.
Objective of the Consultancy:
The purpose of this assignment is to provide advice for an investment policy framework for Balochistan that encourages investment and assists in meeting the objectives of private sector development and growth set in Balochistan Comprehensive Development Strategy 2013-2020 which will be reviewed and updated in the coming year.
The assignment will focus on evaluating and providing recommendations on relevant provincial policy areas that impact investment; namely investment policy, investment promotion and facilitation and business environment.
The team will be led by the Economist and the outcome of this assignment in the form of the final deliverable report will be a collective work of the team.
Specific Tasks of the Consultants:
The specific purpose of this assignment is to identify key impediments to investment in Balochistan and undertake assessment of the existing investment policy framework and provide recommendations. The consultants will also benchmark the existing investment policies with those of major competitive economies by sector and/or region and provide best practice guidelines for sustainable investment policy formulation.
Specific tasks required are:
Task 1 – Literature review and secondary research
1.1 Consultants will review and refer to the ongoing or previous work on investment policy (especially Punjab Investment Policy developed by SMEA and the Investment Policy Review done for the Government of KP and Sindh and other available literature on investment impediments in the province1.
1.2 The consultants will identify recent investments or pipeline investments in Balochistan. Ideally, this should include foreign investment, local investment and investment undertaken by SMEs in particular.
1.3 The consultants will also develop a better understanding of government institutional space by identifying key actors working within this domain, especially the ambit of Finance Department,Industries Department, and Board of Investment and Trade.
1.4 The consultants will also undertake a review of international best practice on investment policy, particularly investment incentives.
1.5 The consultants will review the capacity of government institutions to structure investment deals and past experiences in innovative financing
1.6 For background understanding, the consultants will review relevant provincial policies including but not limited to agriculture, ICT and industrial policies.
1.7 The Consultants will review international best practices in promoting environment-friendly and sustainable investments. The work will be gender-sensitive and will encourage the participation of women in the economy.
Task 2 – Scanning investment landscape of Balochistan with a special focus on SMEs
2.1 The consultants will engage with selected investors (foreign and local; large and small), who either have invested in Balochistan or are in the process of considering investment and identify impediments that they have faced or are facing in the process. These issues may include conditions of FDI entry and establishment, provincial taxation and investment incentives, laws relating to business (general and specific), competition, employment and the environment, access to land and/or dispute settlement or contract enforcement.
2.2 The consultants will hold a total number of 3 FGDs with SMEs & investors in selected sectors (specifically SMEA target sectors, start-ups and women entrepreneurs) to validate the list and expand the findings. The proposed location of these FGDs is Quetta, Gwadar and Karachi given that most of the economic activities in Balochistan are concentrated in these two cities and most of the interested investors are based in Karachi.
2.3 The consultants will conduct wider consultations and one-on-one meetings with investors, businesses and SMEs to allow for a representative sample for extrapolation purposes. This is to ensure sufficient coverage in terms of depth, sectors and geographical areas in order to deduce results and make policy recommendations
2.3 The consultants will narrow down the findings to 7-8 key issues hampering investment in Balochistan.
2.4 Consultants will also develop a Short-term implementation plan which can be executed without any major structural changes and at low cost.
Task 3 – Institutional, policy and regulatory analysis around key impediments
3.1 This work will be informed through earlier tasks and will revolve around the shortlisted investment impediments. The consultants will categorize the impediments based on whether they are federal or provincial or if the bottlenecks are stemming from institutional, policy or regulatory issues.
3.2 The consultants will deepen the analysis around these impediments, especially the ones that are provincial. The consultants will hold one-on-one meetings with key government agencies.
3.3 The consultants will review relevant laws and regulations and identify areas for improvement and reform.
Task 4 – Recommendations and final report formulation
The consultants will jointly produce a final report, with following distinct parts:
4.1 Targeted investment incentive policy – The consultants will produce an investment incentive policy for Balochistan, with targeted incentives that can help attract potential investors, along with proposed good practices on such investments
4.2 Provincial policy, regulatory and institutional reform package for investment promotion – The consultants will propose a provincial reform package. This package will include early win reform proposals that can be addressed at the provincial level and will include specific institutional, policy or regulatory measures pertaining to various provincial agencies or subjects. In particular, this section will include broad recommendations for the institutional capacity building of the Board of Investment and Trade, to champion the policy and become its custodian for implementation.
4.3 A short policy brief for the Government which includes a policy statement, key incentives and recommendations along with an implementation plan for the government.
3. Job Qualifications
Institutional Expert (25 person days)
Economist (team lead) (40 person days)
Legal expert (10 days)
Investments Expert (30 person days)
Research Associate (20 person days)
4. Duty Station:
The consultants should be available to work with the SMEA team preferably out of Quetta, Karachi or SMEA’s Islamabad office. In case of non-availability of a suitable resource, we could look into the possibility of hiring a consultant based in any other city.
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